Chemical elements
  Copper
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Production
    Application
    Physical Properties
    Chemical Properties
    Cuprous Compounds
      Cuprous hydride
      Cuprous fluoride
      Cuprous chloride
      Cuprous bromide
      Cuprous iodide
      Copper suboxide
      Cuprous oxide
      Cuprous hydroxide
      Cuprous sulphide
      Cuprous sulphite
      Cuprous sulphate
      Cuprous selenide
      Cuprous telluride
      Cuprous nitride
      Cuprous phosphide
      Cuprous arsenides
      Cuprous carbide
      Cuprous acetylide
      Cuprous carbonate
      Cuprous cyanide
      Cuprous thiocyanate
      Cuprous silicide
      Cuprous silicofluoride
      Ammonio-cuprous Derivatives
      Carbonyl cuprous sulphate
    Complex Copper Compounds
    Cupric Compounds
    PDB 1a2v-1bxu
    PDB 1bxv-1fwx
    PDB 1g3d-1j9t
    PDB 1jcv-1mfm
    PDB 1mg2-1paz
    PDB 1pcs-1sii
    PDB 1sjm-1w6w
    PDB 1w77-2afn
    PDB 2ahk-2dv6
    PDB 2dws-2ggp
    PDB 2ghz-2mta
    PDB 2nrd-2vm3
    PDB 2vm4-2yah
    PDB 2yam-3bkt
    PDB 3bqv-3fyi
    PDB 3g5w-3mie
    PDB 3mif-3t6v
    PDB 3t6w-9pcy

Cuprous cyanide, CuCN






Addition of potassium cyanide to a solution of cuprous chloride in hydrochloric acid precipitates Cuprous cyanide, CuCN. The best method for its preparation is to mix cold aqueous solutions of potassium cyanide (65 grams) and cupric sulphate (130 grams), and expel cyanogen by warming the mixture under an efficient air-extractor. After settling, the cuprous cyanide is decanted, and washed with water, alcohol, and ether. References to other methods of preparation, and to Sandmeyer's process for aromatic nitriles, are appended.

Cuprous cyanide is a white solid, and is soluble with difficulty in water. It is dissolved readily by cold, concentrated hydrochloric acid, and is reprecipitated from this solvent by addition of an aqueous solution of potassium hydroxide. In contact with air, its colourless solution in ammonium hydroxide develops a blue tint. The salt is also dissolved by aqueous solutions of ammonium chloride, sulphate, and nitrate, and by warm, dilute sulphuric acid. None of its solutions has the power of absorbing carbon monoxide. The heat of formation of cuprous cyanide in the simple molecular form CuCN from carbon, solid copper, and gaseous nitrogen is 14.9 Cal.


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