Chemical elements
  Copper
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Production
    Application
    Physical Properties
    Chemical Properties
    Cuprous Compounds
    Complex Copper Compounds
    Cupric Compounds
    PDB 1a2v-1bxu
    PDB 1bxv-1fwx
    PDB 1g3d-1j9t
    PDB 1jcv-1mfm
    PDB 1mg2-1paz
    PDB 1pcs-1sii
    PDB 1sjm-1w6w
    PDB 1w77-2afn
    PDB 2ahk-2dv6
    PDB 2dws-2ggp
    PDB 2ghz-2mta
    PDB 2nrd-2vm3
    PDB 2vm4-2yah
    PDB 2yam-3bkt
    PDB 3bqv-3fyi
    PDB 3g5w-3mie
    PDB 3mif-3t6v
    PDB 3t6w-9pcy

Copper Ionization Energy






The Copper Ionization Energy is the energy required to remove from atom one mole of electrons with subsequent production of positively charged ion of Copper.
Cu -> Cu+ + e-
This process can be repeated many times, but the energy cost is increased dramatically. The general equation for the Copper is:
CuN+ -> Cu(N+1)+ + e-


Ionization Energy

Cu -> Cu1+ = 745.4 kJ/mol = 178.33 Kcal/mol
Cu1+ -> Cu2+ = 1958 kJ/mol = 468.42 Kcal/mol
Cu2+ -> Cu3+ = 3554 kJ/mol = 850.24 Kcal/mol
Cu3+ -> Cu4+ = 5326 kJ/mol = 1274.16 Kcal/mol
Cu4+ -> Cu5+ = 7709 kJ/mol = 1844.26 Kcal/mol
Cu5+ -> Cu6+ = 9940 kJ/mol = 2377.99 Kcal/mol
Cu6+ -> Cu7+ = 13400 kJ/mol = 3205.74 Kcal/mol
Cu7+ -> Cu8+ = 16000 kJ/mol = 3827.75 Kcal/mol
Cu8+ -> Cu9+ = 19200 kJ/mol = 4593.30 Kcal/mol
Cu9+ -> Cu10+ = 22400 kJ/mol = 5358.85 Kcal/mol
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